PNA to Present 4 Topics at the 2015 ACS North East Regional Meeting

John Edwards of Process NMR Associates will be presenting 4 papers at the 2015 ACS Northeast Regional Meeting that will be held in Ithaca, NY, June 10-13, 2015. ABSTRACT ID: 2283171 ABSTRACT TITLE: 1H qNMR of Alcoholic Cider - Analysis of Small Molecule and Residual Sugar Chemistry (final paper number: 43) SESSION: Food Chemistry SESSION TIME: 5:00 PM - 9:00 PM PRESENTATION FORMAT: Poster DAY & TIME OF PRESENTATION: Wednesday, June, 10, 2015, 5:00 PM - 9:00 PM ROOM & LOCATION: Emerson Suites - Campus Center ABSTRACT ID: 2283063 ABSTRACT TITLE: Nutritional Supplement and Diesel Fuel Application Development for Benchtop NMR Systems Operating at 42, 60, and 80 MHz – Equivalency with Supercon NMR (final paper number: 336) SESSION: Analytical Chemistry SESSION TIME: 9:00 AM - 11:30 AM PRESENTATION FORMAT: Oral DAY & TIME OF PRESENTATION: Friday, June, 12, 2015 from 9:45 AM - 10:05 AM ROOM & LOCATION: 222 - Williams Hall ABSTRACT ID: 2283105 ABSTRACT TITLE: Survey of Low Field NMR Spectrometer Platforms for Successful Screening of Sexual Enhancement and Weight Loss Supplements for Adulteration with Drugs and Drug Analogs (final paper number: 386) SESSION: Medicinal Chemistry SESSION TIME: 1:00 PM - 3:20 PM PRESENTATION FORMAT: Oral DAY…

Read More

Residual Catalytic Cracker – Heavy Petroleum Feedstream Properties from 1H NMR at 43 MHz

Back in October we presented a talk at Gulf Coast Conference that concerned the prediction of the chemical and physical properties of heavy petroleum feeds being converted to higher value product in a residual catalytic cracker (RCC). Over the years we have analyzed these materials by 300 and 60 MHz NMR and obtained good PLS-regression models that can adequately predict properties for real-time process control and optimization in a petroleum refinery. With the advent of a large number of new benchtop NMR systems we have been convincing ourselves that these types of analyses can be performed by systems such as the Magritek Spinsolve 43 MHz. We ran a series of samples that had been sitting around our lab for 15 years by dissolving them at about 50 volume% in a 50/50 CDCl3/CS2 solvent system. For each sample we had laboratory test data for a number of chemical and physical properties of interest to process engineers. We regressed the lab data variability against the variability in the Magritek 43MHz 1H NMR spectra and obtained cross-validated PLS models. The presentation material is given here at this link - Gulf Conference Presentation - 43 MHz RCC Feedstream Regression Models

Read More

Nutritional Supplement and Diesel Fuel Application Development for Benchtop NMR Systems Operating at 42, 60, and 80 MHz – Equivalency with Supercon NMR

Benchtop high-resolution NMR systems are available at a number of field strengths and probe configurations. However beyond the obvious academic instruction market for these instruments very few applications have been demonstrated across all available platforms and thus proving the general applicability of benchtop NMR technology to industrial quality control. We will present two chemometric-based applications that have been developed at 4 different field strengths utilizing Varian Mercury 300 MHz, Magritek Spinsolve 42 MHz, Aspect AI 60 MHz, and Thermo Picospin 80 MHz NMR systems. Partial-least-squares (PLS) regression correlations were obtained on all 4 platforms relating to: 1) Omega-3 fatty acid composition of samples taken from various points in a nutritional supplement manufacturing process. Excellent correlations were obtained on all 4 NMR instruments proving that NMR technology is applicable to in-lab, at-line. or on-line analysis of fish oil derived omega-3 fatty acid supplements. The 40 second NMR analysis effectively replaces a 60+ minute GC analysis. 2) Physical and chemical property determination of diesel fuels where excellent correlations were obtained between 1H NMR variability and parameters such as density, aromatic content by GC, hydrogen content by 1H TD-NMR (ASTM D7171 method), and sulfur content. Many more physical and chemical properties can be…

Read More

A Review of Applications of NMR Spectroscopy in the Petroleum Industry

John Edwards, principal of Process NMR Associates has authored a chapter entitled "A Review of Applications of NMR Spectroscopy in the Petroleum Industry" which appears in a new ASTM publication: Monograph 9 - Spectroscopic Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants, Edited by Kishore Nadkarni. The chapter describes the application of high resolution 1H and 13C NMR, 1H TD-NMR, and solid-state NMR to petroleum chemistry and refining. The book can be ordered at the ASTM Bookstore.

Read More

Solid-State 13C NMR Analysis of Carbonaceous Materials

Over the past 20 years we have obtained the solid-state NMR analysis of pretty much every carbonaceous material that exists - including coal/oil shales/bitumen, polymers/catalysts/fibers, cellulose/polysaccharides/foodstuffs/gels, deposits/dried sewage/meteorites/soils/clays, etc. With the increased attention to coal liquifaction and gasification technologies we have developed an interest in creating an NMR database for coals. Coals were obtained from the Penn State Coal Sample Bank at a very reasonable cost. We have performed CP-MAS, DD-MAS, Variable Contact Time, and T1 inversion recovery experiments on all the samples. We are currently developing regression relationships between the NMR data and the physical and chemical testing data that is provided with the samples. At some point we will write this up as a journal article. Here are some snippets of data from the coal analysis along with a few results obtained on the menagerie of samples we look at on any given day including some oil shales, engine deposits, refinery coke, asphaltenes, and pipe tobacco. Please inquire if you are interested in the details of the above analyses.

Read More

Process NMR Application: Spectro-Molecular Control for Enhanced Diesel Recovery

NMR Process Systems - Integrated Solution Application for Crude Unit and Downstream Processes: Spectro-Molecular Control for Enhanced Diesel Recovery NMR Process Systems (NPS) on-line NMR based analytical and process control strategy for enhanced diesel recovery at the crude distillation unit maximizes clean diesel recovery by enabling closer cut point control in the mid-section of the CDU. Clean Fuels regulations in both the European and American markets have had a substantial impact on a refiners ability to maximize product draws at the refinery front end. Extremely low sulfur requirements for gasoline and diesel have resulted in refiners now being more constrained at the hydro-treaters. Lack of reliable, focused, measurement and control of critical CDU product draws has forced many refiners to significantly undercut these draws in order to ensure minimum error in the final product blends, especially with respect to total sulfur. Depending on a refinery's crude supply and CDU capacity, a conservative estimate of 300-500+ barrels per day of loss diesel production is typical. With an average of $25-$35 per barrel margin loss, the economic impact of these Clean Fuels Regulations are substantial. Integrating proven NMR technology with a focused measurement and control strategy enables crude unit operations to cut…

Read More

The Wood-Based Biorefinery in a Petroleum Depleted World

The Mid-Hudson Section of the American Chemical Society and Vassar College Announce The Wood-Based Biorefinery in a Petroleum Depleted World Dr. Arthur J. Stipanovic, Professor and Chair, Department of Chemistry State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF) Wednesday, November 7th, 2007 Time: 7:00 pm Location: Mudd Chemistry Building, Third Floor Refreshments will be served at 6:30 pm Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York Contact: Dr Joseph Tanski (jotanski@vassar.edu, 845-437-7503) Abstract: The 21st century is envisioned to become the age of biology as renewable biomass resources replace petroleum in energy and industrial product applications. Motivated by concerns over national energy security, global CO2 reduction, a need for biodegradable products, and enhanced rural economic development, the engineering and construction of biorefineries for the manufacture of fuels, chemicals, polymeric materials and power from renewable resources is now a critical national priority. The context and intent of a biorefinery must be much more than simply replacing crude oil with renewable raw materials. A successful biorefinery must: 1) efficiently separate its raw material source into individual components, and, 2) be able to convert these components into marketplace products. The biorefinery must mirror the efficiency of today's modern petrochemical refinery in using…

Read More

NMR Without Solvents – Biodiesel Production Process – FAME, Glycerol, FFA, and Methanol

1H and 13C NMR NMR is typically obtained using deuterated NMR solvents to lock the field during acquisition. In some cases the use of these solvents is problematic as it prevents observation of solublized phases present in the sample. As an example we show here the NMR data obtained on a biodiesel production process. One of the major issues with the FAME product is the presence of glycerol in the product. NMR analysis is usually performed by dissolving the FAME in CDCl3 in which glycerol is completely insoluble. Thus NMR analysis performed in this way does not allow analysis of residual glycerol content. However, if the FAME is run neat this issue does not arise. Another analysis of enormous interest from the process control standpoint is the analysis of the glycerol/methanol phase. This phase contains considerable free fatty acids as well as the glycerol by product and excess methanol from the transesterification process. The three components are readily observed by 1H and 13C NMR, and 23Na can be used to observe NaOH content in the phase. Finally the shift and shape of the observed OH resonance can yield information on the pH of the glycerol phase. Typically this analysis is…

Read More

Monitoring of a Biodiesel Transesterification Process with a TD-NMR Spectrometer

The 19.5 MHz Spintrack NMR analyzer was utilized to study a FAME biodiesel production reaction. The samples analyzed were:  1) Used vegetable oil 2) Partially transesterified biodiesel product (bad biodiesel)  3) High yield FAME biodiesel product  4) Glycerin by-product from the process   CPMG T2 decays were generated and then that data was processed with a inverse laplace transformation to produce T2 distribution profiles. NMR Experiment explanation is given below:     The CPMG data obtained on the four samples is shown below: The T2 distribution profiles obtained by inverse Laplace transformation of the CPMG data are shown below:     Plainly TD-NMR can play a role in monitoring the biodiesel production process.  

Read More

TD-NMR Analysis of Catalytic Cracker Feedstocks

The 19.5 MHz Spintrack NMR analyzer was utilized to study a large series of  vacuum gas oils and FCC feeds for which PNA also has laboratory test data. The analysis was performed on a SpinTrack 19.5 MHz TD-NMR spectrometer - CPMG T2 decays were generated and then that data was processed with a inverse laplace transformation to produce T2 distribution profiles. These T2 distribution profiles are currently being correlated to physical and chemical property data. NMR Experiment explanation is given below:     The CPMG data obtained on the four samples is shown below:   The T2 distribution profiles obtained by inverse Laplace transformation of the CPMG data are shown below:   The correlation between T2 distribution and the metal content, viscosity, distillation range, density, asphaltene content are all being investigated at the current time.

Read More

13C NMR of FAME Biodiesel

pdf version Below are examples of 13C NMR data obtained on biodiesel (FAME) and the vegetable oil precursor that it was made from by transesterification process involving microwave activation of the reaction between triglycerides and methanol in the presence of a caustic catalyst. Process NMR Associates is developing correlations between 13C NMR data and biodiesel properties stipulated in ASTM 6751.

Read More

Detailed 13C NMR Analysis of Hydrocarbons – Patent Applications

Today one often finds hydrocarbon mixtures described by the detailed carbon type analysis that is possible from 13C NMR. Many petroleum related products are being described in this way in patents leading to a novel way of describing a material and restricting others from using those same materials in products of their own. See Exxon, Mobil, and Chevron patents such as:  6,090,989 ;  6,210,559  ;  6,059,955  ;  6,846,778  ;  20050077208  ; and 20050077209 In this PDF file we have shown some of the details present in a 13C NMR spectrum on petroleum products such a base oils, gas oils, diesels, etc. Details of NMR Analysis There are some issues with the assignements of many of these patents ... for more details on how NMR might be of use in the patent process contact John Edwards

Read More

Naphtha Chemistry Analysis by 1H NMR

PDF Version 1H NMR has been used extensively by Process NMR Associates to determine PIONA analysis of Naphthas and to determine detailed aromatics breakdown in aromatics unit feeds, products, and intermediate products. Below are a few examples of naphtha chemistries that are observed and quantified by 1H NMR. Conjugated Olefin analysis is performed by a combination of HH-COSY and 1D 1H NMR.   For more details contact John Edwards

Read More

Process NMR for Transesterification Monitoring and Certification of Biodiesel

1H NMR has been used extensively to analyze biodiesel the vegetable oil feeds, reaction intermediates, and final products of the biodiesel transesterification process. See Oliviera et al, Talanta 69 (2006) 1278-1284 and Gnothe, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc 78, 1025-1028 (2001) The final biodiesel product is a B5 (5% Biodiesel) or B20 (20% Biodiesel) blend of biodiesel in refinery produced diesel fuel. Researchers have performed method developments to analyze the biodiesel content in diesel fuels by NIR using 1H NMR as the primary method to quantify the biodiesel content. (See Jin et al, Fuel 86(7-8), 1201-1207 (2007) and Knothe J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 77 489-493 (2001). Process NMR at 60 MHz can be used to quantify the biodiesel directly. Below is an example slide of a biodiesel 1H NMR spectrum compared to two different diesel fuel spectra. The chemistry that is directly observed in the NMR spectrum as well as the distinct chemical regions that are present in the diesel and biodiesel make this analysis relatively straightforward. Chemometrics can be used or quantitation can be obtained directly from a simple spectral calibration. Biodiesel Production Monitoring NMR can be used to follow the reaction of biodiesel directly, the following slides…

Read More